When the internet was first conceived back in the 1980s, well the date varies depending on your definition – there was little thought about security. The date of course is disputed but I prefer 1983 when TCP/IP was adopted by ARPANET, however the lack of security is a matter of fact. It was a form on communication allowing disparate devices and people to talk to each other and no-one expected it to end up where it is. Unfortunately to allow cross compatibility then compromises need to be made, the security of your data is one of them.
However there are methods to add some security, web sites try with SSL implementation but the end user can assist to. Most users who have security concerns or have experienced cyber crime, will have come across VPN software. This is a virtual private network which can be created to encrypt your data as it travels across the internet. These come in all shapes and sizes from basic personal security ones, to advances residential IP rotating proxies like these ones.
With regards to lots of people there is a pervasive picture of a VPN user, it’s something similar to a young person sporting a hoodie, hunched up in a coffee shop with their laptop. They’re possibly attempting to hack into some federal government computers and are actually on the run from the authorities. As a VPN conceals your geographic location and your web traffic there’s a common idea that the individual is up to no good and certainly has something to hide.
The reality is literally a very long way from this viewpoint and even though numerous hackers do indeed use VPNs consistently so do an awful number of ordinary individuals. Most large corporations have been using VPNs for decades to support inbound connections from remote users. If a salesman needs access to the product database on the company’s network it’s much simpler to allow them to connect through the internet and view the latest version. This is much more secure than travelling around with DVDs and obviously assures that he or she has the most recent versions.
If you make any type of normal connection over the internet, all your web traffic is pretty much viewable, i.e anyone with a mind can intercept and see it. In the event that you’re logging and connecting to a secured share then this would certainly consist of usernames and security passwords. So in order to protect these connections, you might commonly install a VPN client on the laptop computer and make certain it’s used to encrypt the connection back to the company network. It is actually completely legitimate and indeed intelligent business practice.
Regular home users will make use of VPNs for very similar reasons. Essentially the internet is insecure and there is minimal provision for security integrated in automatically. Sure you can access secure sites through things like SSL when you have to enter a credit card or payment information. However this is the exception not the rule and most websites are actually not secure and the vast majority of information flies across the wires in clear text.
In addition to the general insecurity of the web, there’s the additional issue of privacy. Your surfing data is easily available via a variety of sources. For a start, there’s a complete list in your ISP of every little thing you do on the internet and depending on where you reside this can be routinely and easily accessed. Using a VPN stops this, transforming your internet activity into an encrypted list which is unreadable without your permission. Are they used by cyber criminals and terrorists? Sure but also by millions of people who think that what they do online shouldn’t be part of public records.
The VPN systems are becoming more and more sophisticated simply driven by demand and the risks of recognition. There are all sorts of variations including enabling different setups and ports to dodge detection. You can also get them to use home based IP addresses through specific residential IP providers –
In a large number of countries VPNs are definitely not illegal but simply a simple business and personal security tool. However in some countries this is not the case and you can get into trouble if caught using them. Countries that actually ban the use of VPN include places like China, Iraq, Belarus and Turkey. Various other countries merely allow authorized services which usually indicate those which can be jeopardized if required. Individuals still use VPNs in the majority of these nations indeed in Turkey almost all expats use one to view things like British and American TV on-line. It’s actually quite difficult to detect a VPN in use however that doesn’t stop it technically being illegal in those locations.